Sunday, July 20, 2008

AD BASIC UNDERSTANDING EXAM -1

As I have promised, I am posting basic AD (Active directory) questions. The questions below are homework to my Saturday MCSE class. Hopefully when everyone in the class become MCSE 2003, they will all go for Exchange 2007 class which will start shortly after MCSE (-:, this was commercial by the way.

The answers to below questions will be pretty short, if you discover yourself you are thinking or trying to explain below concept more than couple minutes or one or two sentences, I would say you need AD steroid which I think it is the webcast ""Active directory inside out" by Michael Murphy. After learning AD, I strongly recommend to all my students to learn about Exchange 2007.

AD QUESTIONS

  1. What is active directory?
  2. What is a Domain
  3. What is inside the active directory database? Describe the content
  4. Domain is not security boundaries as it was in AD NT 4.0 anymore why?
  5. What is a Domain Controller?
  6. What is a standalone server
  7. What is an Object
  8. What does DNS stand for? And what port DNS utilize and what is the usage of DNS in Active directory?
  9. What do you understand from active directory integrated DNS?
  10. What is an attribute?
  11. What is schema
  12. What is organizational Unit (OU)
  13. What are three primary functions of OU's
  14. What id forest?
  15. What is GC (Global Catalog server) define it.
  16. What is tree?
  17. If my company DNS name space is father.org and I want I to have two child domains, what would be DNS name space for below names?

    -Brother

    -Sister

Oz Ozugurlu

MVP (Exchange)

MCITP (EMA), MCITP (SA)

MCSE 2003, M+, S+, MCDST

Security+, Project +, Server +

Blog: http://www.smtp25.blogspot.com

8 comments:

Anonymous said...

Home Work 1

1) Active directory – is a database.
2) Domain – boundary of authentication.
- boundary of replication
- boundary of DNS name space.
- boundary of administration.

3) Contents of Active Directory:
a) Users accts.
b) Computers accts.
c) Groups
d) Contacts
e) Passwords & etc.
4) Domain controller – is an authentication server.
5) Standalone server – server not member of a domain.
6) Object – distinct, named set of attributes that represents something concrete like user accts, OUs,etc.
7) DNS – domain naming service & uses port 53.
- translates IP address to user friendly names.
8) Attributes – properties of an object.
9) Schema – definition of an object.
10) Organizational Unit – is an AD object & use to organize objects.
11) Primary functions of OU:
- Organize objects.
- Delegate permissions
- Deploy or apply GPOs
12) Forest – hierarchy of domains w/c may form either a contigous or disjoint namespace.
13) Global Catalog – is a central redepository. It contains references to all objects in AD regardless where they are created.
14) Tree - is composed of domains forming contiguous namespace that maps to DNS infrastructure.
15) If DNS name space is father.org , 2 child domains for DNS name space Brother & Sister will be the following:

Brother.Father.org & Sister.Father.org respectively.

16) Domain is not anymore security boundaries as it was in NT 4.0 domain, because in AD there are some groups do have access or rights to all domain controllers.
17) Active directory integrated dns uses the AD database instead of the text based files.

Rodrigo

Anonymous said...

1. Active Directory is a database

2. Domain is a Boundary of Replication
Boundary of DNS name space
Boundary of Administaration
Boundary of Authentication

3. Contents of Active Directory:
Users
Computers Accounts
Groups
Contacts
Passwords

4. Domain Controller is authetication server. Domain Controller provides services like authentication.

5. Standalone Server is a server that is not on the domain, it is on workgroup. Configured with less security, that can be accssed easily by users.

6. Object is distinct name like groups, Organizational Units, User accounts ect...
If I have an OU named sales in AD Sales is considered as Object.

7. DNS (Domain Name System) We use DNS service records to locate services within the active directory. DNS is also useful complicated 32 bits IP Addresses into easy terms that we can undersatnd. Example: Google...

8. Attributes is the property of object Example for this cab be one user can be difined by his first name, last name. (The first name and last name are attributes)

9. Schema is a definition of object

10. Organizational Unit is an AD object.
11. Primary Functions of OU: It's functions includes Organize objects
Delegate Permission
Deplpoy/ Apply group policies

12. Forest is a hierarchy of domains. As soon as we install AD we get a forest.

13. Global Catalog is a central repository. All domains in a tree share a common global catalog.

14. Tree is hierarchy of domians forming contguous name space that maps the DNS infrastructure.

15. eg. costco.com is a domain and marketing is tree
marketing.costco.com

Anteneh

Anonymous said...

1. Active directory is a data base
2. Domain - boundary of replication, administration, DNS name space and authentication
3. Active directory is a data base it includes users, computers, passwords etc
4. Domain controller -Authentication server
5. Stand Alone server - No Active Directory in it eg print server
6. Object - distinction name such as user , printer
7. DNS :
Domain name system
port 53
translating complicated 32 bit IP addresses into human friendly name.
8. Attribute - property of an object . An object described by the value of its attribute, eg car cam be described by its attribute: make, model, color.
9.Schema - definition of an object what is a user, what is a contact, and so on
10. OU - Organazational Unit.
11. Three primary functions of OU's
Organaze object
Delegetes permissions
Deploy/apply GPO
12. Forest- Hierarchy domains which may form either a contiguous or disjoint namespace.
13. GS- is a central redepository.
14. Tree- Hierachy of domains forming contiguous name space.
15.DNS name space is Father.org. DNS name space for brothe and sister:brothe.father.org and sister.father.org
16.In active directory there are some groups do have access/rights to all domain controller eg schema admin and enterprise admin that is why domain is not security boundries as it was in NT4.
Yeshi Yilma

Anonymous said...

1) Active directory – is a database.
2) Domain – boundary of authentication.
- boundary of replication
- boundary of DNS name space.
- boundary of administration.

3) Contents of Active Directory:
a) Users accts.
b) Computers accts.
c) Groups
d) Contacts
e) Passwords & etc.
4) Domain controller – is an authentication server.
5) Standalone server – server not member of a domain.
6) Object – distinct, named set of attributes that represents something concrete like user accts, OUs,etc.
7) DNS – domain naming service & uses port 53.
- translates IP address to user friendly names.
8) Attributes – properties of an object.
9) Schema – definition of an object.
10) Organizational Unit – is an AD object & use to organize objects.
11) Primary functions of OU:
- Organize objects.
- Delegate permissions
- Deploy or apply GPOs
12) Forest – hierarchy of domains w/c may form either a contigous or disjoint namespace.
13) Global Catalog – is a central redepository. It contains references to all objects in AD regardless where they are created.
14) Tree - is composed of domains forming contiguous namespace that maps to DNS infrastructure.
15) If DNS name space is father.org , 2 child domains for DNS name space Brother & Sister will be the following:

Bapak.com
putra.Bapak.com
Putri.Bapak.com

Juper Simoran

Ps Just wonder why everybody has the same answer. hehehehehe

Oz Ozugurlu said...

That is a good question,
I remember saying in the Class, do not copy and paste from each other, trust your own knowledge. I do believe each of you grown up and won’t do that.
Remember when interview comes up, there will be no one there expect the knowledge which will get you the job (- :

Best
Oz

Anonymous said...

1 - Active Directory is a database.
2 - Domain is a boundary of replication, DNS name space, administration and authentication
3 - Users, computer accounts, groups, contacts and passwords
4 - Because in active directory there are some groups that do have access/rights to all domain controllers.
5 - Authentication server
6 - Server that is not part of a domain.
7 - A distinct, named set of attributes that represents something concrete, ex. user, printer or an application.
8 - 1. DNS - Domain Name Service/System 2. Port 53 3.Configures Ip addresses to easier names to use on the web.
9 - A single property of an object.
10 - Definition of an object.
11 - An AD object to organize objects.
12 - Organize objects, Delegate Permissions and deploy/apply group policies.
13 - Once active directory is installed, we have a forest.
14 - GC is a central repository that contains references to all objects.
15 - -Brother.father.org
-Sister.father.org

Houston DeBerry Jr.

Anonymous said...

Homework:

Active directory is a database.

A domain is a boundary of replication & authentication, and also a DNS namespace.

The contents of an AD database include things like user & computer accounts, groups, contacts, passwords, etc.

A domain is no longer a security boundary because a single-domain forest is the new industry standard: http://www.activedir.org/Articles/tabid/54/articleType/ArticleView/articleId/68/Default.aspx

A domain controller is an authentication server.

A standalone server is a server that is not a part of a domain.

An object is distinct, named set of attributes like OUs and groups, or a computer or user account.

DNS = Domain Name System, it uses UDP (primarily) on port 53.

Active Directory-integrated DNS means that the DNS namespace data is stored in AD? http://www.microsoft.com/technet/prodtechnol/windows2000serv/reskit/distrib/dsbb_act_zyjb.mspx?mfr=true

An attribute is a property of an object (e.g. name, phone number, password, etc.).

Schema is the definition of an object (what attributes an object contains).

An OU is an AD object used to organize other objects. Example: Marketing OU contains user and computer accounts.

3 functions of OUs: deploy/apply GPOs, delegate permissions, organize objects.

A forest is a hierarchy of domains.
A GC is a central repository which contains references to all objects (like an index at the back of a book).

A domain tree exists when one domain is the child of another domain. A domain tree must have a contiguous namespace.

brother.father.org and sister.father.org.


Sorry I was late getting this done--I always wait 'till the last minute!
--Rob Knowles

Liz said...

1. What is active directory? - database
2. What is a Domain – boundary of replication, administration, authentication, and DNS namespace.
3. What is inside the active directory database? Describe the content. – things like passwords, email addresses, user accounts, computer accounts, etc.
4. Domain is not security boundaries as it was in AD NT 4.0 anymore why? – because a forest is. No administrator from outside the forest can control access to information inside the forest unless given permission by the administrator within that forest.
5. What is a Domain Controller? – an authentication server.
6. What is a standalone server – server not part of the domain. Cannot control anything outside of its network.
7. What is an Object – a distinct, named set of attributes that represents something concrete.
8. What does DNS stand for? And what port DNS utilize and what is the usage of DNS in Active directory?
- DNS stands for Domain Name Service.
- Its on port 53.
- In active directory, DNS references an object and locates services offered by the domain.
9. What do you understand from active directory integrated DNS? – It enables the Active Directory storage and replication of DNS zone databases.
10. What is an attribute? – a property of an object.
11. What is schema – definition of an Active Directory.
12. What is organizational Unit (OU) – Active Directory object.
13. What are three primary functions of OU's – organize objects, delegate permissions, and deploy group policies.
14. What is forest? – hierarchy of domain forming either a contiguous or disjoint name space.
15. What is GC (Global Catalog server) define it. – central repository.
16. What is tree? – hierarchy of domain forming a contiguous name space, mapping to the DNS infrastructure.
17. If my company DNS name space is father.org and I want I to have two child domains, what would be DNS name space for below names?
-Brother
-Sister
Sister.father.org
Brother.father.org